What is Dementia?

Posted on September 9, 2012 · Posted in News

What is Dementia?

The term ‘dementia’ is used to describe the symptoms that occur when the brain is affected by specific diseases and conditions. Symptoms of dementia include loss of memory, confusion and problems with speech and understanding.

The Different Types of Dementia ?

Alzheimer’s disease this is the most common cause of dementia. During the course of the disease, the chemistry and structure of the brain changes, leading to the death of brain cells.

Vascular dementia, occurs if the oxygen supply to the brain fails, brain cells may die. The symptoms of vascular dementia can occur either suddenly, following a stroke, or over time, through a series of small strokes.

Lewy bodies dementia this form of dementia gets its name from tiny spherical structures that develop inside nerve cells. Their presence in the brain leads to the degeneration of brain tissue.

In February 2007 the Alzheimer’s Society published a major study on the social and economic impact of dementia in the UK.

The research, commissioned through King’s College London and the London School of Economics provides the most detailed and robust picture to date of prevalence and economic impact of dementia in the UK.

The report shows that as the UK’s population ages the number of people with dementia will grow substantially. It also shows that dementia costs the UK £17 billion a year.

What did the report find?

  • There were 700,000 people with dementia in the UK in 2007.

  • There were 15,000 younger people with dementia in the UK in 2007. This is likely to be a major underestimate by up to three times because of the way the data relies on referrals to services.

  • There were 11,500 people with dementia from black and minority ethnic groups in the UK in 2007.

  • There will be over a million people with dementia by 2025.

  • Two thirds of people with dementia are women.

  • The proportion of people with dementia doubles for every 5 year age group. One third of people over 95 have dementia.

  • 60,000 deaths a year are directly attributable to dementia. Delaying the onset of dementia by 5 years would reduce deaths directly attributable to dementia by 30,000 a year.

  • The financial cost of dementia to the UK in 2007 was over £17 billion a year.

  • Family carers of people with dementia save the UK over £6 billion a year.

  • 64% of people living in care homes have a form of dementia.

  • Two thirds of people with dementia live in the community while one third live in a care home.

Living with Dementia

Twilight care aims to support the individual to stay in the home and the family/carers to manage

  • A person will need increasing on-going support in a number of areas around everyday living.

  • We aim to enabling a person to live well with dementia by focussing on a person’s strengths and well-being throughout the course of the illness.

  • It is also essential to provide support, guidance and education about dementia to the carers who are living with the person.

Summary – What is Dementia?

The term ‘dementia’ is used to describe the symptoms that occur when the brain is affected by specific diseases and conditions. Symptoms of dementia include loss of memory, confusion and problems with speech and understanding.

Twilight care aims to support the individual to stay in the home and the family/carers to manage

  • A person will need increasing on-going support in a number of areas around everyday living.

  • We aim to enabling a person to live well with dementia by focussing on a person’s strengths and well-being throughout the course of the illness.

  • It is also essential to provide support, guidance and education about dementia to the carers who are living with the person.